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Thread started 02/16/08 4:30pm

2elijah

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Black History Month:The Influence of the Moors in Portugal and Spain]The Moors in Europe] Moorish Amazon Queens

THE INFLUENCE OF THE MOORS IN SPAIN AND PORTUGAL
by Edward Vivian Scobie


SOURCE: The Golden Age of the Moor, edited by Ivan Van Sertima
REFERENCES: The Moors in Spain and Portugal, by Jan Read
Nature Knows No Color-Line, by Joel Augustus Rogers

"Whatever makes a kingdom great, whatever tends to refinement and civilization was found in Moorish Spain."--Stanley Lane-Poole

"The same degree of intellect and learning was brought by the Moorish conquerors of the Iberian peninsula to Portugal. Like Spain, that country was to be culturally influenced by the Moors. Its association with Africa dates as far back as the fourth and fifth centuries when Africans arrived in southern Europe.
But it was in 711 A.D. that they marched in as conquerors under the command of Tarik. To reinforce what has been said earlier these Moors, as the early writers chronicled, were "black or dark people, some being very black."

After the invasion of 711 came other waves of Moors even darker. It was this occupation of Portugal which accounts for the fact that even noble families had absorbed the blood of the Moor.

From that time onwards, racial mixing in Portugal, as in Spain, and elsewhere in Europe which came under the influence of Moors, took place on a large scale. That is why historians claim that "Portugal is in reality a Negroid land," and that when Napoleon explained that "Africa begins at the Pyrenees," he meant every word that he uttered. Even the world-famed shrine in Portugal, Fatima, where Catholic pilgrims from all over the world go in search of miracle cures for their afflictions, owes its origin to the Moors. The story goes that a Portuguese nobleman was so saddened by the death of his wife, a young Moorish beauty whom he had married after her conversion to the Christian faith, that he gave up his title and fortune and entered a monastery. His wife was buried on a high plateau called Sierra de Aire. It is from there that the name of Fatima is derived.

The Moors ruled and occupied Lisbon and the rest of the country until well into the twelfth century. They were finally defeated and driven out by the forces of King Alfonso Henriques, who was aided by English and Flemish crusaders. The scene of this battle was the Castelo de Sao Jorge or, in English, the Castle of St. George. Today, it still stands, overlooking the city of "Lashbuna"--as the Moors named Lisbon.

The defeat of the Moors did not put an end to their influence on Portugal. The African (Moorish) presence can be seen everywhere in Portugal; in the architecture of many of the buildings. They still retain their Moorish design--like the Praca De Toiros--the Bull Ring in Lisbon. A walk through Alfama--the oldest quarter in Lisbon, with its fifteenth century houses, narrow-winding streets--dates back to the time when it was the last settlement of the Moors. Fado singers abound in all corners and bistros of Afalma. Their songs and rhythms owe much to the influence of the Moorish musicians centuries ago. Even the fishing boats on the beaches of Cascais show marked African traces. Called the rabelos, these boats, with their large red or white sails, which also ply on the Douro River to fetch wine from the upper valleys, are reminiscent of the transport boats of Lagos in Nigeria."

THE MOORISH CONQUEST OF SPAIN


SOURCES
Golden Age Of The Moor, Edited by Ivan Van Sertima
The Story Of The Moors In Spain, by Stanley Lane-Poole



"Early in the eighth century Moorish soldiers crossed over from Africa to the Iberian peninsula. The man chosen to lead them was General Tarik ibn Ziyad. In 711, the bold Tarik, in command of an army of 10,000 men, crossed the straits and disembarked near a rock promontory which from that day since has borne his name--Djabal Tarik (`Tarik's Mountain'), or Gibraltar. In August 711, Tarik won paramount victory over the opposing European army. On the eve of the battle, Tarik is alleged to have roused his troops with the following words:

"My brethren, the enemy is before you, the sea is behind; whither would ye fly? Follow your general; I am resolved either to lose my life or to trample on the prostrate king of the Romans."

Wasting no time to relish his victory, Tarik pushed on with his dashing and seemingly tireless Moorish cavalry to the Spanish city of Toledo. Within a month's time, General Tarik ibn Ziyad had effectively terminated European dominance of the Iberian peninsula. Musa ibn Nusayr, Arab governor of North Africa, joined Tarik in Spain and helped complete the conquest of Iberia with an army of 18,000 men. The two commanders met in Talavera, where the Moors were given the task of subduing the northwest of Spain. With vigor and speed they set about their mission, and within three months they had swept the entire territory north of the Ebro River as far as the Pyrenees Mountains and annexed the turbulent Basque country.

In the aftermath of these brilliant struggles, thousands of Moors flooded into the Iberian peninsula. So eager were they to come that some are said to have floated over on tree-trunks. Tarik himself, at the conclusion of his illustrious military career, retired to the distant East, we are informed, to spread the teachings of Islam."
[Edited 2/16/08 17:40pm]
America's prison industry=a cheap labor force and goldmine profits for private prison owners. Slavery never left..it just got upgraded.
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Reply #1 posted 02/16/08 4:31pm

2elijah

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THE MOORS IN EUROPE

By RUNOKO RASHIDI


SOURCES:
Golden Age Of The Moor, Edited by Ivan Van Sertima
Natures Knows No Color-Line, by J.A. Rogers

"It would not be inaccurate to say that the Moors helped reintroduce Europe to civilization. But just who were the Moors of antiquity anyway? As early as the Middle Ages, and as early as the seventeenth century, "The Moors were," according to the Oxford English Dictionary, "commonly supposed to be mostly black or very swarthy, and hence the word is often used for negro." Dr. Chancellor Williams stated that "The original Moors, like the original Egyptians, were Black Africans."

At the beginning of the eighth century Moorish soldiers crossed over from Africa into Spain, Portugal, and France, where their swift victories became the substance of legends. To the Christians of early Europe there was no question regarding the ethnicity of the Moors, and numerous sources support the view that the Moors were a black-skinned people. Morien, for example, is the adventure of a heroic Moorish knight supposed to have lived during the days of King Arthur. Morien is described as "all black: his head, his body, and his hands were all black." In the French epic known as the Song of Roland the Moors are described as "blacker than ink."

William Shakespeare used the word Moor as a synonym for African. Christopher Marlowe used African and Moor interchangeably. Arab writers further buttress the Black identity of the Moors. The powerful Moorish emperor Yusuf ben-Tachfin is described by an Arab chronicler as "a brown man with wooly hair."

Black soldiers, specifically identified as Moors, were actively recruited by Rome, and served in Britain, France, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. St. Maurice, patron saint of medieval Europe, was only one of many Black soldiers and officers under the employ of the Roman Empire."
[Edited 2/16/08 16:36pm]
America's prison industry=a cheap labor force and goldmine profits for private prison owners. Slavery never left..it just got upgraded.
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Reply #2 posted 02/16/08 4:51pm

Dance

Careful.

Last time I posted a thread like this... lol
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Reply #3 posted 02/16/08 5:05pm

TheMightyCeles
tial

Are you sure it wasn't the Moops...? confuse
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Reply #4 posted 02/16/08 5:35pm

2elijah

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MOORISH AMAZON QUEENS
http://members.tripod.com...ueens.html


It is said that a Black Moorish woman named Nugaymath Turquia was the leader of a contingent of 300 Black Moorish Amazon Queens with their heads shaven, leaving only a top knot. They were described as "negresses" and were members of the Almoravid Dynasties which occupied Spain in 1086AD. The Almoravids were a heavy Black population, originating in southern Morocco and Northern Senegal, in western Africa.

Cave paintings of Black African Amazons using bows and arrows in combat while displaying one of their breasts can be seen at Sefar Tassili. The descendants of these women were the Dahomey Amazons of Fon from the Kingdom of Dahomey (now Benin). These all-female elite combat soldiers began to gain a reputation as fearless warriors during the 18th and 19th centuries.

They fought against Yoruba tribes at Abeokuta where 6000 of them were instrumental in helping the male Fon soldiers achieve victory. The Sed Festival and the crowning of the king and queen were similar rituals in Kemet (Egypt) as well as in Cush where the king and, or queen would shoot arrows to the four directions of the compass to symbolize their universal authority to rules on earth.

A stone mural at Karnak shows Pharoah Taharka's wife shooting arrows in the four directions while her husband is shown armed with a mace in the act of smiting his enemies. They are shown back to back as if protecting each other from being attacked in the rear.

Amazon Queens -The Dahomey Amazons

The Dahomey Amazons were trained physically and mentally for war. As long as they were in service to the king they would give up having children. Like their male counterparts, they were trained to be fearless, aggressive, while making their bodies very strong by training with the men, often attempting to outdo the men in tests of physical strength and endurance.

They were also musicians, experts in dancing and fighting, using weapons like the machete, clubs, spears, axes, bow and arrows, muskets, and later, machine guns. They lived with the king in the royal dwelling and were completely devoted to him until death.

There are photographs of them show them training while wearing only a loincloth, then later adopting a blue and white striped uniform of shirt and breeches. They fought against the French army with varying degrees of success, finally losing the battle to prevent slavery in Africa. This occurred eight years prior to the 19th century. They were considered as a special guard, wives of the king, making up one third of the fighting force, and were organized into regiments. Initially the Fon participated in the slave trade but changed their philosophy when France's intentions became all too clear. The history of the Dahomey Amazons spans over two centuries.
[Edited 2/16/08 18:40pm]
America's prison industry=a cheap labor force and goldmine profits for private prison owners. Slavery never left..it just got upgraded.
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Reply #5 posted 02/16/08 5:56pm

Whitnail

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I think a short break from the continuing copy N paste frenzy is needed wink

http://www.youtube.com/wa...re=related


Opps just posted the german version edit
[Edited 2/16/08 18:00pm]
If it were not for insanity, I would be sane.

"True to his status as the last enigma in music, Prince crashed into London this week in a ball of confusion" The Times 2014
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Reply #6 posted 02/16/08 6:26pm

2elijah

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AMAZON QUEEN - NZINGA
http://members.tripod.com...ueens.html



"A symbol of inspiration for people all over the world and an outstanding military leader of Angolan origin who engaged in a forty year war against the slave-hunting Europeans, was Queen Ann Nzingha (1582-1663).

Queen Nzingha was in charge of sections in Angola and Zaire, and her mission was to utterly and completely destroy the African slave trade. She was a proud member of a tribal combat unit (Jagas) that formed a human shield against the Portuguese slave traders, and she became known as the "greatest military strategist that ever confronted the armed forces of Portugal." Her military campaigns kept the Portuguese in Africa from gaining a strong foothold.

Queen Nzingha was very loyal to the resistance movement and made good use of her feminine charm or masculine drive depending on the circumstances, also utilizing religion as a political ploy to gain the upper hand.

Queen Nzingha sent envoys throughout West and Central Africa in an effort to recruit a massive combined force of African armies to help drive out the Portuguese, and also developed affiliations with other foreign authorities before setting them against each other as rivals, in a further attempt to rid Angola of this European scourge.

Nzingha's efforts helped to motivate others to join the fight against the invaders, which included people like Madame Tinubu of Nigeria; Nandi, the mother of Chaka - the great Zulu warrior; Kaipkire of the Herero people of South West Africa; as well as the female army which supported Behanzin Bowelle, the Dahomian King.

In 1663 at the fine age of eighty-one, Queen Nzingha died fighting for her people. It is said that Africa has not known a greater patriot."
[Edited 2/18/08 17:32pm]
America's prison industry=a cheap labor force and goldmine profits for private prison owners. Slavery never left..it just got upgraded.
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Reply #7 posted 02/16/08 7:50pm

StarMon

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TheMightyCelestial said:

Are you sure it wasn't the Moops...? confuse


?"What are Moops".
The NFL...frohornsNational Funk League
hornsI think I'll multiply, and do it 2 U from all sides horns
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Forums > Politics & Religion > Black History Month:The Influence of the Moors in Portugal and Spain]The Moors in Europe] Moorish Amazon Queens